Multiplayer is one of the most popular and effective ways to leverage Minecraft in the classroom. This article will cover:
- Before you begin
- The steps you need to get started
- Additional Resources
Minecraft: Education Edition features multiplayer games take place connecting over IP. Games can only take place between users within the same Office 365 Education tenant. A multiplayer game has a max capacity of 30 players for MacOS, iPad, and Windows 10 platforms.
Our iPad app is currently on version 1.7.3 while our PC/Mac is on 1.7.1 Multiplayer will still work with these mismatching version numbers as they are the most recent for each platform.
If you are running on Windows 10 multiplayer may not work if you are on version 1607 or earlier. You will need to upgrade your Windows 10 or adjust detailed firewall settings. If you must remain on 1607 please reach out for detailed information on firewall settings.
Before you begin
Multiplayer games are designed for a maximum of thirty (30) users at a time. If the host computer disconnects (even temporarily) everyone on the world will lose connection. Performance in a multiplayer world can begin to decrease at 20 players in some cases. For more information on how to best utilize multiplayer with 30 or more students you can connect with other teachers in our community forums.
To enjoy a successful multiplayer game, be sure the following connections are open on all networks involved:
- Meeservices.azurewebsites.net (used for login)
- Port 19132 TCP AND UDP (this carries Minecraft multiplayer traffic)
- https://portforward.com/ can help you accomplish this
All multiplayer users should use the most current release of Minecraft: Education Edition and/or any additional applications (Code Builder, Classroom Mode). If you see something like the following, it usually indicates not everyone is running an up to date copy of Minecraft: Education Edition.
Please download and install the most recent version before you start. (Additionally, you will need to backup any work in progress before you upgrade.)
It is also recommended that the host average around 1.5 Mbps of bandwidth.
Here are the steps you need to follow to set up a multiplayer world in Minecraft: Education Edition
- Create a world on the host machine (for this example, we’ll refer to them as the “host”).
- Be sure the multiplayer settings are on. This will broadcast the game as available to join to others.
This is what it looks like when multiplayer games are off.
This is what it looks like when multiplayer games are on.
3. The host creates a world containing settings for visitors to enjoy and loads the world on their machine.
*If you ARE on the same network there is a good chance you will be able to see the host auto-populate on your "Friends" tab and you can join from there.*
*If you ARE NOT on the same network you will need to follow the process below using the "Servers" tab pictured below. Two users on different networks will not auto discover on the "Friends" tab as pictured above.*
4. Locate the host machine IP address. Once the host is in the world, pressing escape will bring up the Game Menu. On the right of the screen, the IP address can be seen. Note: if you are on different networks you will need to search by IP address and use the servers tab as detailed below. If you are on the same network, the host world should be visible under the "Friends" tab.
The host can give the IP address out to other users to log in. When the other users start Minecraft: Education Edition they can open Worlds, click the Friends tab, and then select Add Server.
To join, simply type in the IP address of the host machine, add a name, and select “Add Server”. Users can find the host machine in their Friends list and connect to it whenever the host machine is online.
That is all you need to get started with multiplayer worlds. Please contact support if you run into any technical issues.
At some point you may want to limit other from joining your world. This can be done in a few ways:
- Toggle multiplayer off in settings before launching the world. This makes it so no multiplayer is possible
- Toggle "make visible to LAN" in settings before launching the world. This can make it so your world does not show up on the "friends" tab of other players. You can still connect with using a players IP address via the "servers" tab
- Using the command /setmaxplayers allows you to limit the amount of people in your world
If you are able to connect to a multiplayer game but start to see decreased performance as more players join your game you can try:
- Looking at your network speed and ensuring the amount of players is not overloading your network
- Turning down the render speed to 4 chunks and turning off fancy graphics on the host world
The following video, created by Minecraft Global Mentor Ben Spieldenner, details multiplayer functionality as a walkthrough for educators.
If you have any suggestions on excellent multiplayer worlds or lessons you would like to see featured here, please contact support or post a thread in the “Feature Request” area of the forums with the title “Multiplayer KB Suggestions” (or similar) so we see it right away for consideration.